Spanish Civil War Casualties
Available information suggests that there were about 500,000
deaths from all causes during the Spanish
Civil War. An estimated 200,000 died from
combat-related causes. Of these, 110,000 fought for the Republicans and
90,000 for the Nationalists. This implies that 10 per cent of all soldiers
who fought in the war were killed.
It has been calculated that the Nationalist
75,000 people in the war whereas the Republican
for 55,000. These deaths takes into account the murders of members of rival
It is estimated that about 5,300 foreign soldiers died while
fighting for the Nationalists (4,000 Italians, 300 Germans, 1,000 others).
Brigades suffered heavy losses during the war.
Approximately 4,900 soldiers died fighting for the Republicans (2,000
Germans, 1,000 French, 900 Americans, 500 British and 500 others).
Around 10,000 Spanish people were killed in bombing raids.
The vast majority of these were victims of the German
The economic blockade of Republican controlled areas caused
malnutrition in the civilian population. It is believed that this caused the
deaths of around 25,000 people. About 3.3 per cent of the Spanish population
died during the war with another 7.5 per cent being injured.
After the war it is believed that the government of General Francisco
the executions of 100,000 Republican prisoners. It is estimated that another
35,000 Republicans died in concentration camps in the years that followed